For a quarter of a century, there has been an open confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.
However, the population of the Caucasus should not believe the reports of an impending escalation of hostilities in this disputed territory. Such information is spread by those Azerbaijani and Armenian media whose purpose is to intimidate and sow panic.
Meanwhile, negotiations go on. Unfortunately, there are few results. But still there is no open confrontation.
On April 15, the long-awaited meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Azerbaijan and Armenia, Elmar Mamedyarov and Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, was held in Moscow in closed session. It was also attended by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Then they were joined by the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs – Stefan Visconti (France), Andrew Chauffer (USA) and Igor Popov (Russia).
The meeting participants discussed the situation on the border and the line of contact, as well as prospects for establishing cooperation in the humanitarian field.
Following the meeting, the Foreign Ministers adopted a joint statement in which they confirmed their intention to continue efforts to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict by political and diplomatic means.
The parties to the conflict showed their interest in further stabilizing the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh. They also agreed on a reciprocal basis to take measures for the admission of relatives to persons imprisoned in the territory of the parties.
The ministers expressed readiness to begin practical work on establishing contacts between people, including reciprocal visits of media representatives.
And, of course, with reference to the Foreign Ministers of Azerbaijan and Armenia, it was stated about adherence to the mediation mission aimed at achieving sustainable peace in the region.
The OSCE Minsk Group noted that the meeting participants agreed to continue contacts in the near future.
Judging by the reaction of Mammadyarov, the parties made a lot of concrete proposals that provide for step-by-step rapprochement of the positions of Baku and Yerevan. Only progress in this direction guarantees a new meeting of the Baku-Yerevan-Moscow format.
We have to admit that there will be no tangible achievements in the Karabakh dialogue without interest and decisive actions of the Kremlin. Exactly, as other formats do not make sense, with the proposals on the creation of which, certain politicians spoke.
There are no other interested forces that could stimulate dialogue and influence the state policy of Azerbaijan and Armenia towards Nagorno-Karabakh.
If we evaluate the situation in historical terms, it is not by chance that the representatives of the United States and Great Britain, who prepared projects for the arrangement in the South Caucasus for the Versailles Conference of 1919 (that determined the world order after the First World War), came to the conclusion that “only federation or confederation can save this region from crises and conflicts “.
Today, such a project looks like a geopolitical utopia, while Baku and Yerevan take diametrically opposed positions on all fundamental issues. Nevertheless, we should hope that the protracted negotiations will one day end and bring peace to both sides of the conflict. They are sick and tired of confrontation.